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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"



prepared for Krishna's expiatory ablution after lie had slain the lull Arishta.*
Thence they pass on to Gobardhan, scene of many a marvellous incident, and
•visit ail the sacred sites in its neighbourhood ; the village of Basai, where the
two divine children with their foster-parents once came and dwelt (basde); the
Kallol-kund by the grove of Aring; M&dhnri-kand; Mor-ban, the haxint of the
peacock, and Chandra-sarovar, 'the moon lake;' where Brahma, joining with
the Gopis in the mystic dance, was so enraptured with delight that, all uncon-
scious of the fleeting hours, he allowed the single iright to extend over a period
of sis months. This is at a village called Parsoli by the people, but which
appears on the maps and in the revenue-roll only as Muhammad-pur. The
tank is a fine octagonal basin with stone ghats, the work of Raja N&har Sink
of Bharat-pur. After a visit to Paitha,f where the people ofBraj 'came in'
(paitkd) to take shelter from the storms of Indra under the uplifted range,
they pass along the heights of the Giri-iij to Any or, t * the other side/ and so by
many sacred rocks, as Sugandhi-sila, Sindiiri-sila, and Sundar-silaj with its
temple of Gobardhan-nath, to Gopal-pur, Bilchhu, and G&nthauli, where the
marriage 'knot' (gdnth} was tied, that c@nfirm.ed the union of Badha an<l
* Aring, which is on the road from Mathura to Gobardhan, and only a few miles distant from
Radha-kund, is supposed to have been the place where-the bull was slain, and te have deiived its
name, originally Ansfata-ganw, from the event.
f At Paitha the original temple of Chatur-bhuj is said to have been destroyed by Anmngzeb.
Its successor, which also is BOW in ruins, was probably built on the old foundations, as it com-
prised a nave, choir, and sacrarinm, each of the two latter cells being surmounted by a aikhara.
It thus bore a general resemblance to the temples of Akbar's reign at Brmda-ban, The nave
ie unroofed, and both the towers partly demolished ; what remains perfect is only of brick and
quite plain and unoinamented. It stands in the Aadamb-kAandi (107 bighas). which spreads over
tne low ground at the foot of the village KherQ • its deepest hollows forming the Nirayan
Sarovar, which is oaly a succession of ponds with, here and there a flight of masonry steps.
A care is show n, which is believed to reach the whole way to Gobardhan, and to be the one that
the people of Braj went into (paitka) to save tteraselres from the wrath of Indra. -On the road
to Gobardhan near Farsoii is the Moha-ban, anctin it a lingaoi called Mohesrar Mahadeva, that is
said to be sunk an immense depth in the ground, and will never allow itaelf to be covered over.
Several attempts hare been made to build a temple over it; but whenever the roof begaa to be pat
on, the walls -were sure to fall in This and several other of the sacred si tea in the neighbourhood
sre marked by inscribed tablets set up last century by an officer under Sindhia,
$ Here are two ancient temples dedicated tD Gobind Deva and Baladera, and » sacred tank,
called Gobind kund, ascribed to Eani Padnmvati, the waters of which are supposed to be very
efficacious in the cure of leprosy. The Find-dan, or offerings to the dead, in the ceremonial* oŁ
the Sraddh, have as much virtue here as even at Gaya. Thf*re arc 40 acres of woodland. The
original occupants are said to have been Khirs. After the mutiny the village was conferred
for a time OD Chaudhari Daulat Sinh, but eventually restored to the existing z&mindir.